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psychoanalysis

(analysis)

Neurologist Sigmund Freud is credited with developing this early method of psychotherapy based on his theories of neurosis arising out of psychosexual development in childhood and resulting intrapsychic conflict. Psychoanalysts, who may be psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or other professionals, treat their patients by techniques involving achievement of insight, working through, interpretation of dream material, and understanding transference and resistance to change.

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