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Diagnostic criteria for 313.23 Selective Mutism

These criteria are obsolete.

DSM Criteria
DSM Version
DSM IV - TR
DSM Criteria

A. Consistent failure to speak in specific social situations (in which there is an expectation for speaking, e.g., at school) despite speaking in other situations. 

B. The disturbance interferes with educational or occupational achievement or with social communication. 

C. The duration of the disturbance is at least 1 month (not limited to the first month of school). 

D. The failure to speak is not due to a lack of knowledge of, or comfort with, the spoken language required in the social situation. 

E. The disturbance is not better accounted for by a Communication Disorder (e.g., Stuttering) and does not occur exclusively during the course of a Pervasive Developmental DisorderSchizophrenia, or other Psychotic Disorder.

Reprinted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Copyright 2000 American Psychiatric Association

DSM Version
DSM IV
DSM Criteria

A. Consistent failure to speak in specific social situations (in which there is an expectation for speaking, e.g., at school) despite speaking in other situations. 

B. The disturbance interferes with educational or occupational achievement or with social communication. 

C. The duration of the disturbance is at least 1 month (not limited to the first month of school). 

D. The failure to speak is not due to a lack of knowledge of, or comfort with, the spoken language required in the social situation. 

E. The disturbance is not better accounted for by a Communication Disorder (e.g., Stuttering) and does not occur exclusively during the course of a Pervasive Developmental Disorder,Schizophrenia, or other Psychotic Disorder.

Reprinted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Copyright 1994 American Psychiatric Association